There are two species of roe deer: the European roe deer and the larger Siberian roe deer. They are well adapted to cold environments, and they range from northern Europe and Asia into the high mountains of Central Asia. The population is increasing in Europe due to a decrease in predator game numbers.
The roe deer’s coat is reddish brown in the summer and grayish brown with a white rump patch in the winter. The deer are almost tailless, and the male has short antlers.
The European roe deer is a relatively small deer, with a body length of 95–135 cm, a shoulder height of 65–75 cm, and a weight of 15–35 kg. Bucks in good conditions develop antlers up to 20–25 cm long with two - three, sometimes even four, points.
The roebuck continues to grow stronger in body and antlers until 5-8 years of age, depending on the area it lives in, the density of the population, and the amount and nutrition level of the food.
In areas with a high amount of calcium and other minerals the bucks get very strong and have energy to grow a larger set of antlers than in areas where the amount of minerals is low.
Behavior and Lifecycle
They are very quick and graceful, and typically live in woods, although they may move into fields and sparse forests. They feed mainly on grass, leaves, berries, and young shoots.
When alarmed, they bark a sound much like a dog and flash out the white rump patch. Females make a high-pitched "pheep" whine to attract males during the breeding season. The roe deer attains a maximum lifespan (in the wild) of 10 years.